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新视野大学英语第一册Unit1

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New Horizon College English Book I (Third Edition)
Key to Unit One

Contents
Section A Toward a bright future for all
Section B What we wish

Contents

Section A

1. Words in use 2. Word building 3. Banked cloze 4. Expressions in use 5. Translation

Words in use

3. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Each word can be used only once.

explore

transmit

resource emerge yield

pose assume confidence inherit comprehensive

1. Given the chance to show his ability, he regained _c_o_n_f_id_e_n_c_e_ and began to succeed in school.
2. It is so difficult to __e_x_p_l_o_re___ the bottom of the ocean because some parts are very deep.
3. It was about 30 seconds before Alex __em__e_rg_e_d___ from the water; we were quite scared.

Words in use

explore

transmit

resource emerge yield

pose assume confidence inherit comprehensive

4. We often __a_s_s_u_m_e___ that when other people do the same things as we do, they do them for the same reasons; but this assumption is not always reasonable.

5. There is widespread concern that the rising unemployment may __p_o_s_e___ a threat to social stability.
6. After a(n) __c_o_m_p_r_e_h_e_n_s_iv_e_ physical exam, my doctor said I was in good condition except that my blood pressure was a little high.

Words in use

back

explore

transmit

resource emerge yield

pose assume confidence inherit comprehensive

7. It is well known that China is a country with rich natural __re_s_o_u_r_c_es__ and a very big population.
8. Some people believe that the earth can __y_i_e_ld____ enough food to support at least twice its present population.
9. Sam _i_n_h_e_ri_te_d__ the gift of imagination from his family, but he lacked the driving power to take action.
10. A bee that has found honey is able to _t_r_a_n_sm__it__ to other bees the information they need in order to collect the honey.

Word building
5. Fill in the blanks with the newly-formed words in Activity 4. Change the form where necessary. Each word can be used only once.
1. Despite being _c_l_a_ss_i_fi_e_d__ as a meat-eater, the panda has a diet that is overwhelmingly vegetarian.
2. They have developed computerized systems which will greatly __a_s_s_is_t____ all library users so that they will not need the help of others.
3. Changes have been made to the construction requirements in this city in order to make the buildings and highways more __r_es_i_s_ta_n_t__ to earthquakes.

Word building
4. After a two-month inquiry, the police have _u_n_c_o_v_e_re_d_ the three men’s intention to rob a bank and have arrested them.
5. Consumers say they are __u_n_e_a_sy____ about using their credit cards over the Internet because they are afraid of Internet fraud (欺诈) and identity theft.
6. A college degree and some working experience should __q_u_a_l_if_y___ you for the job advertised in the newspaper.
7. The British ship arrived at the port this morning and is __u_n_lo_a_d_i_n_g_ its contents in the harbor now.

Word building

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8. As a human resources manager, I see many job _a_p_p_l_ic_a_n_t_s who are technically skilled, but have bad attitudes.
9. The teacher _s_i_m_p_l_if_i_e_d his instructions so that the small children could understand him better.
10. My major was literature. However, now I’m working in a firm as a(n) _a_c_c_o_u_n_t_a_n_t _.
11. The committee’s decision will be __n_o_t_if_ie_d___ to all employees next week.

Banked cloze
6. Fill in the blanks by selecting suitable words from the word bank. You may not use any of the words more than once.
A. attain B. pursue C. raise D. classify E. especially F. fascinating G. available H. passion I. acquire J. sample K. fulfill L. qualify M. virtually N. fashionable O. prosperous
University students come from different parts of the country with various purposes. However, a closer look at their reasons for studying at the university will enable us to 1)__D_._c_l_as_s_i_fy__ them roughly into three groups: those who have a(n) 2)_H_._p_a_s_s_io_n__ for learning, those who wish to 3)_A_._a_t_ta_i_n___ a bright future, and those who learn with no definite purpose.

Banked cloze
A. attain B. pursue C. raise D. classify E. especially F. fascinating G. available H. passion I. acquire J. sample K. fulfill L. qualify M. virtually N. fashionable O. prosperous
Firstly, there are many students who learn simply because they 4)__B_._p_u_r_su_e__ their goal of learning. Some read a wealth of British and American novels because they are keenly interested in literature. Others sit in front of the computer screen, working on a new program, 5)_M__._v_ir_t_u_a_ll_y_ day and night, because they find some computer programs 6)_F_._f_a_s_c_in_a_t_in_g__, and they dream of becoming a “Bill Gates” one day.

Banked cloze
A. attain B. pursue C. raise D. classify E. especially F. fascinating G. available H. passion I. acquire J. sample K. fulfill L. qualify M. virtually N. fashionable O. prosperous
Secondly, there are students who work hard mainly for a better and more 7)_O__. _p_ro_s_p_e_r_o_u_s future. It seems that the majority of students fall into this group. After admission to the university, they read books afteIr. abcoqoukirse to 8)_________ knowledge from all of the resourcesGw. havicahilabrele9)__________ to them, and finally, to succeed in the future job market.

Banked cloze

back

A. attain B. pursue C. raise D. classify E. especially F. fascinating G. available H. passion I. acquire J. sample K. fulfill L. qualify M. virtually N. fashionable O. prosperous

Thirdly, there are still some students who learn without a clear goal. They take courses, finish homework, enjoy life on campus, but don’t want to 10)__J_. _sa_m__p_le__ anything new or challenging. They have no idea what they will be doing after college. And they may end up with nothing in their lives.

Expressions in use

7. Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form where necessary. Each expressions can be used only once.

open the door to

in advance

reap the benefits (of)

make the most of

get by stand a chance (of) remind…of

all at once over time take pleasure in

1. My family ___g_o_t _b_y_______ on my father’s unemployment benefit after he lost his job.
2. Many subway riders read books or listen to music in order to __m_a_k_e_t_h_e_m__o_s_t _o_f _ their time on the way to work.
3. In order to make sure he would be able to attend the meeting, I called him up two weeks __i_n_a_d_v_a_n_c_e_____.

Expressions in use

open the door to

in advance

reap the benefits (of)

make the most of

get by stand a chance (of) remind…of

all at once over time take pleasure in

4. Experts say our company is amazing in that sales have been increasing steadily _o_v_e_r_t_i_m_e_________.
5. In order tor_e_a_p_t_h_e_b_e_n_e_fi_t_s_ofthe physical exercise, you have to exercise regularly, and for at least half an hour each time.
6. They all tried to talk __a_l_l _a_t _o_n_c_e______ but I couldn’t hear anything they said.
7. Yellow flowers in the field always __r_em__i_nd___ me __o_f __my childhood in the countryside.

Expressions in use

open the door to

in advance

reap the benefits (of)

make the most of

get by stand a chance (of) remind…of

back
all at once over time take pleasure in

8. We have been practicing for so long and so hard that our team should _s_ta_n_d__a_c_h_a_n_c_e_o_f_ winning the game.
9. Research on genes will _o_p_e_n_t_h_e_d_o_o_r_t_o_ exciting new medical treatments.
10. Every one of you has made a contribution and I _t_a_k_e_p_l_e_as_u_r_e_i_n__ acknowledging what each of you has done to make this academic convention such a success.

Translation
11. Translate the following paragraph into English.
孔子是中国历史上著名的思想家、教育家,是儒家学 派(Confucianism)的创始人,被尊称为古代的“圣 人”(sage)。他的言论和生*活动记录在《论语》 (The Analects)一书中。
Confucius was a great thinker and educator in Chinese history. He was the founder of Confucianism and was respectfully referred to as an ancient “sage”. His words and life story were recorded in The Analects.

Translation
《论语》是中国古代文化的经典著作,对后来历代的 思想家、文学家、政治家产生了很大影响。不研究 《论语》,就不能真正把握中国几千年的传统文化。
An enduring classic of ancient Chinese culture, The Analects has had a great influence on the thinkers, writers, and statesmen that came after Confucius. Without studying this book, one could hardly truly understand the thousands-of-years’ traditional Chinese culture.

Translation

back

孔子的很多思想,尤其是其教育思想,对中国社会产生 了深远的影响。在21世纪的今天,孔子的学说不仅受到 中国人的重视,而且也越来越受到整个国际社会的重视。

Much of Confucius’ thought, especially his thought on education, had had a profound influence on Chinese society. In the 21st century, Confucian thought not only retains the attention of the Chinese, but it also wins an increasing attention from the international community.

Contents

Section B

1. Words in use 2. Expressions in use 3. Sentence structure

Words in use

5. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Each word can be used only once.

confident stimulate

cultivate curiosity

potential instinct approach assure capacity participate

1. By decreasing the tax rate, the government can s_t_im__u_la_t_e__ or encourage consumer spending, business transactions (交 易) and investments.
2. Our bodies have greater _p_o_t_e_n_ti_a_l _ than most of us realize, and we can benefit by remembering this.

3. One important feature of team sports is that they can _c_u_lt_iv_a_t_e_ people’s team spirit and sense of collective honor.

Words in use

confident stimulate

cultivate curiosity

potential instinct approach assure capacity participate

4. Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, while animal behavior depends mainly upon __in_s_ti_n_c_t___.

5. She has been saving money in the past two years, so she is _c_o_n_f_id_e_n_t_ that in the coming summer she will be able to afford a journey abroad.

6. The doctor _a_s_su_r_e_d___ him that his condition was not serious and he would recover soon after a minor operation.
7. Generally, children display great __cu_r_i_o_si_t_y_ about every new thing they see, and they want to find our more about it.

Words in use

back

confident stimulate

cultivate curiosity

potential instinct approach assure capacity participate

8. He was proud of being chosen to _p_a_r_ti_c_ip_a_t_e__ in the game, and he promised that he would try as hard as possible.

9. Though it has met with considerable enthusiasm, there has been resistance from some parents to this new _a_p_p_r_o_a_ch__ to teaching and learning.
10. The room only had a(n) _c_a_p_a_ci_t_y__for 100 people. However, over 200 enthusiastic students came to listen to the lecture.

Expressions in use
6. Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions or adverbs.
1. Endless wars have turned this once wealthy country _i_n_t_o__ one of the poorest nations in the world.
2. If you feel __li_k_e__ staying at home, we could watch one of your favorite movie DVDs.
3. She was a confident and outgoing girl, but the presence of the president reduced her __to____ silence.
4. I’d like to sign __u_p___ for volunteer (志愿的) work with an environmental organization. I hear it is a great way to connect with the community.

Expressions in use

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5. I know he is annoying and unfriendly, but you shouldn’t let him get __to____ you.
6. The government is launching a new program which is aimed at opening __u_p___ new employment opportunities.
7. Sharon was nowhere to be found. Maybe she had gone _o_ff__ to the beach with Tony.
8. They develop the specialized skills, knowledge, and positive attitudes needed to participate ______ spoinrts and physical activities.

Sentence structure
7. Make sentences by combining the following groups of words. Use while to introduce information that contrasts with what is conveyed in the main clause. Make changes where necessary.
Model: you, an early bird; your roommate, a night owl
You may be an early bird while your roommate is a night owl.
1. Some people, love pets, regard, friends; other people, dislike pets, think, cause, diseases
Some people love pets and regard them as friends while other people dislike pets and think they may cause diseases.

Sentence structure
2. Jerry, bold, like, take risks; his brother, extremely, careful, think things through, before doing anything
Jerry is very bold and likes taking risks while his brother is extremely careful and thinks things through before doing anything.
3. Beijing, busy city, large population; my hometown, quiet, small population
Beijing is a busy city with a large population while my hometown is very quiet with a small population.

Sentence structure
8. Complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using the emphatic sentence structure “it is/was … that/who…”.
Model: _____________ (正是在这里你会真正发现) what
learning is about. It is here that you will truly discover what learning is about.
1. ___I_t _is_S__am__t_h_a_t/__w_h_o_t_h_i_n_k_s__(正是山姆认为) that the greatest achievement of last century was the landing of mankind on the moon.

Sentence structure back
2. __It_w__a_s_d_u_r_in_g__m_y__u_n_d_e_rg_r_a_d_u_a_te__s_tu_d_i_e_s_th_a_t________ (正是在本科学*期间) I found out what my passion was.
3. __I_t_is__th_e_c_u_ri_o_s_it_y_a_n_d_c_re_a_ti_v_it_y_o_f_c_h_il_d_re_n_t_h_a_t ____ (正是孩子的好奇心和创造力) causes many educators to believe that teaching should stimulate children’s interest in learning.

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